Rome, in the XVIII century, began to see the development of the port of Ripetta, an area going from the Tiber to the Spanish Steps, and it was necessary to create a connection between the French church of Trinità dei Monti and the underlying zone, but the papacy was always opposed, not favorable to recognize the strong presence of France in Rome.
Spanish Steps stairs and Trnità dei Monti church in RomeFor the project and realization of the stairway a young architect was entrusted, Francesco de Santis, who enjoyed of the favors both of the Pope and the French.
Spanish Steps Rome
It was 1722 and this young architect immediately resolved the problem of the architectural perspective and gave a touch of elegance and sumptuousness to this stairway. In effect the stairs depart separated by the top of the hill, reunify and separate themselves in a succession of 12 ramps finally opening like a fan getting the effect of a fall that throws himself in the piazza. De Santis has perfectly reached the visual effect of height, amplified by this succession of ramps: walking alone with your guide coming down from the most famous marble steps in the world is an unforgettable experience.
At the top of the stairway stands the French church of Trinità dei Monti, built in 1495, with its two domes and the Sallustian obelisk (found in the nearby Horti Sallustiani it belongs to the Egyptian period and was brought to Rome by Octavian Augustus) placed there in 1789.
The piazza had called so for the presence of the residence of the ambassador of Spain and the side towards via del Babuino was called Piazza di Francia. To the right of the stairway there is a red house, the English poet’s residence John Keats.
The Barcaccia Fountain at Rome Spanish StepsIn the zone of the piazza a lot of pictorial galleries are found (via Margutta), the Caffè Greco (frequented by Stendhal and Baudelaire) and numerous boutiques that have their maximum expression of elegance in via Condotti with its “made in Italy” as Versace, Gucci, Fendi, Armani, only few names which can be found among the most prestigious fashion makers.
Spanish Steps is one of the most attractions of our driver guided tours
The Spanish Steps take their name for the presence of the Spanish Embassy to the Holy Seat (the Vatican) which is located at the bottom of the staircase and if you want to know more hiring a personal tour guide of Rome you will discover also how and when the pope goes at the Spanish Steps once a year moving from the Vatican.
The history of the Spanish Steps deserves more attention by the tour guides of Rome because this wonder of Rome is often skipped for the stupid reason of having never time. Imagine how you can start a Minibus tour of Rome, strolling through the baroque monuments of Rome dealing with the surprises along your way like the house of Gian Lorenzo Bernini, who lived at the bottom of the Spanish Steps during the seventeenth century.
Discover the treasures of Rome with customized sightseeing tours of Rome lectured by personal escorts who can make exciting your staying in the Eternal City.